Mental disorders is a condition that affects individual’s moods, feelings, thinking, daily functioning and ability to have relationships with other individual’s. The mental disorder is often biological based brain disorders that cannot be treated simply through will power. Mental disorders aren’t linked to a person’s character or intelligence. Often mental disorders lead to a diminished capacity to cope with occurrences in everyday life.
Common Mental Disorders
The most severe list of mental disorders include major depression, schizophrenia, panic disorder, post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), bipolar disorder and borderline personality disorder (BPD). Six percent of the population in the United States suffers from one of these severe mental disorders. The World Health Organization also reports that four of the top ten leading causes of disability in the United States in a mental disorder.
Categories of Disorders
The list of mental disorders is broken down into different categories based on the facets of human behavior and personality affects. If the anxiety and fear become disordered then after a prolonged period of time, it becomes unusually intense or generalized. Within the category of anxiety disorder, the list of mental disorders includes a specific phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, panic disorder, agoraphobia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder.
Mood disorders are often characterized by intense and sustained periods of sadness, melancholia or despair and is often diagnosed as clinical depression. Within this category, there is also bipolar disorder, which involves abnormally “high” or pressured mood states alternating with normal or depressed moods.
Psychotic disorders are when patterns of belief, language use and perception are disordered. Within this category, there are conditions such as schizophrenia and delusional disorder. Schizoaffective disorder is a category used specifically for individuals who have bits of both schizophrenia and affective disorders. Schizotypy is a category for individuals with traits associated with schizophrenia, but who don’t meet the cut-off criteria.
Other disorders incorporate attributes of human functioning. This includes those who have a disorder in the way they eat. This is commonly seen in rich industrialized areas where there is either compulsive overeating, under eating or binging. Within this category, there are conditions such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, exercise bulimia or binge eating disorder.
There are even a number sleep disorders. Within this category, there are conditions such as insomnia and other disorders that affect normal sleep patterns. There is even a category specifically for sexual and gender identity disorders with conditions such as dyspareunia and homosexuality.
Those who have trouble resisting urges or impulses or perform acts that can harm themselves or others are classified as having an impulse control disorder. This includes Tic disorders like Tourette’s Syndrome or other destructive behaviors such as Kleptomania (stealing) or Pyromania (fire setting).
Then there is the category for those who have substance abuse problems. Within this category, there are individuals who are addicted to gambling. Those who can’t adjust to life circumstances are known to have an adjustment disorder. Those who have a severe disturbance in self-identity, memory and general awareness are classified as having dissociative identity disorder. There are factitious disorders such as Munchausen Syndrome in which symptoms are experienced and/or reported for personal gain.
A person of any age, religion or race can develop mental disorders. Often mental illnesses affect people in the prime of their lives such as those in adolescence or young adulthood. However, there are also mental illnesses that can strike at other times in people lives. Those who are especially affected by mental disorders are the young and elderly. Even though they are prevalent and can cause problems with your daily life, you should be aware that mental illnesses are treatable and even those who are diagnosed with serious mental conditions can gain relief from their symptoms with a unique treatment plan designed by a doctor or therapist.